Archiv des Autors: Julia Bärnighausen

Abschlusspublikation „Foto-Objekte“ erscheint im Herbst 2018

Nachdem die Ausstellung „Unboxing Photographs“ an den Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin erfolgreich zu Ende gegangen ist, erscheint im Herbst 2018 die Abschlusspublikation des Projektes „Foto-Objekte“ im Kerber Verlag!

Fotografien sind nicht nur Bilder, sondern auch dreidimensionale Objekte. Sie werden in die Hand genommen, gewendet, bearbeitet, gerahmt, verschickt, ins Internet gestellt, weggeworfen oder gelöscht. Seit dem 19. Jahrhundert sammeln Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler Fotografien und legen umfangreiche Bildarchive an, die auch heute, im digitalen Zeitalter, nichts von ihrer Relevanz und Brisanz verloren haben. Das Buch versammelt Beiträge über die Arbeit an und mit Foto-Objekten aus vier Fotoarchiven in Berlin und Florenz. Ergänzt wird diese Zusammenstellung durch die Perspektiven verschiedener Künstlerinnen und Künstler.

22 x 28 cm
Hardcover
240 Seiten
Deutsch und Englisch
ISBN 978-3-7356-0477-4

Künstler*innen:
Johannes Braun, Toby Cornish, Ola Kolehmainen, Joachim Schmid, Elisabeth Tonnard, Akram Zaatari

Herausgeber*innen:

Julia Bärnighausen, Costanza Caraffa, Stefanie Klamm, Franka Schneider, Petra Wodtke

Texte:

Julia Bärnighausen, Johannes Braun, Costanza Caraffa, Toby Cornish, Ute Dercks, Almut Goldhahn, Stefanie Klamm, Ola Kolehmainen, Nora Riediger, Joachim Schmid, Franka Schneider, Elisabeth Tonnard, Petra Wodtke, Akram Zaatari

Gestaltung:

Andreas Trogisch und Heike Grebin (troppo design, Berlin)

https://www.kerberverlag.com/de/foto-objekte.html

Tandemführungen durch die Ausstellung „Unboxing Photographs“

Was verbindet unterschiedliche Archive, wie die Sammlung Fotografie der Kunstbibliothek, das Archiv der Antikensammlung, die Photothek des Kunsthistorischen Instituts in Florenz und das Hahne-Niehoff-Archiv des Instituts für Europäische Ethnologie an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin? Ist es nur Fotografie als Medium oder mehr? Im Gespräch mit den Kuratorinnen der Ausstellung erfahren Sie, wie die Archive organisiert sind und worin Gemeinsamkeiten aber auch Unterschiede zwischen den Archiven bestehen.

24.2.2018, 15 Uhr
Stefanie Klamm & Petra Wodtke
Mobile Foto-Objekte: Archivbiografien

24.3.2018, 15 Uhr
Julia Bärnighausen & Petra Wodtke
From Trash to Treasure: Was ist wertvoll im Archiv?

21.4.2018, 15 Uhr
Julia Bärnighausen & Franka Schneider
Lost in Transformation? Fotoarchive im Wandel

26.5.2018, 15 Uhr
Stefanie Klamm & Franka Schneider
Foto-Objekte zeigen: Making of einer Fotoausstellung

Mehr Infos hier!

OPENING SOON: EXHIBITION „UNBOXING PHOTOGRAPHS“

Unboxing Photographs. Working in the Photo Archive

16.02.2018 to 27.05.2018
Kunstbibliothek, Matthäikirchplatz, 10785 Berlin

PLEASE JOIN US FOR THE OPENING ON FEBRUARY 15, 2018, AT 7 PM!

„Unboxing Photographs: Working in the Photo Archive“ opens the boxes of four photo archives to showcase the material diversity of photographs as three-dimensional objects: from glass plate negatives, to 35 mm film, to prints on albumin or silver gelatin paper. These photo-objects are taken in the hand, tilted and turned over, labeled, cut down, framed, glued into albums, printed, and dispatched or posted online. Contact and inventory sheets, cardboard mounts, card catalogs, and today even display screens are integral parts of the photo-object, or even constitute it. Since the 19th century, archaeologists, ethnologists, and art historians have worked with photographs and assembled them in archives. There, they are processed and ordered – and only through such treatment do they become usable as documents for scholarly research. These procedures alter the physical properties of photographs and leave behind material traces. Photographs, hence, are neither objective nor timeless. By taking them seriously as objects, and not just as pictures, it becomes possible to tell their multifarious stories. The exhibition interrogates the commonly practiced and disciplinary conventions that govern the perception and presentation of photographs – for example museum display using passepartouts – and tries out new design possibilities. Work with photo-objects is also central to the artistic interventions of JUTOJO, Ola Kolehmainen, Joachim Schmid, Elisabeth Tonnard, and Akram Zaatari, all of which have been integrated into the exhibition.

This exhibition is sponsored by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research. Other exhibition sponsors are: the Schering Stiftung, and the Verein der Freunde der Antike auf der Museumsinsel Berlin e.V.

Curatorial Concept: Julia Bärnighausen, Costanza Caraffa, Stefanie Klamm, Franka Schneider and Petra Wodtke.

Opening Times:
Tue-Fri 10:00-18:00
Sat-Sun 11:00-18:00
Mon closed

Link to Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
Link to Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz

 

FILMING THE PHOTO ARCHIVE

Last week Johannes Braun and Toby Cornish (JUTOJO) visited the photo library of the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florence to make a film about the handling of photographs, traces found upon them and archival practices. The film will not only cover one but all four archives of the project „Photo Objects“. It will premiere at the exhibition „UNBOXING PHOTOGRAPHS. ARBEITEN IM FOTOARCHIV“ at the Kunstbibliothek in Berlin in February 2018. Thank you to everyone who made this possible! See here some first impressions from the shoot!

Photo credits: Helga Auer (3-5, 16-23), Julia Bärnighausen (1-2, 6-15), November 2017.

Program: The Art Market in Italy Around 1900: Actors, Archives, Photographs

Study days

14.–15.11.2017, Florence/Bologna

The program is out now! Download the PDF here: Program (PDF)

Organized by the Photothek of the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut and the Fondazione Federico Zeri in Bologna together with Prof. Giovanna Capitelli (Università della Calabria)

In the last few years international research on the art market has gained in intensity, inspiring a host interdisciplinary studies and conferences while successfully defining a new field of academic research and teaching. Through a range of gatherings and publications, the dynamics of the antiques market have been explored at the intersections of art history, economics, and sociology, among other disciplines. At the center of the most recent studies are the networks of relations between antiquarians, collectors, and other persons connected to the selling of art works. Within these networks, photographers have been identified as key actors in the evolution of the art trade from the second half of the 19th century. The art market shapes and informs the art historical canon, and as indispensable agents of the art market’s exchanges, photographs are now also recognized as essential to the formation of the canon. At the same time, the „material turn“ in the humanities has refocused attention upon both the itineraries of the art objects and the functions and circulation of individual photographs. Over the course of two study days, we will enter into this rich discussion by concentrating upon two of its aspects in particular: the relations between photographic and antiquarian practices, on which the first day at the Photothek of the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz will focus, and the world of art trade in Savoia Rome, which will be addressed on the second day at the Fondazione Federico Zeri in Bologna. The attention of both institutions to these topics derives not only from a scientific interest but also from the material reality of their extensive photographic and archival Holdings.

Photographic and Antiquarian Practices

November 14th 2017, Photothek of the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, Florence
Organized by Julia Bärnighausen and Costanza Caraffa

Website of the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut

Mercanti, collezionisti e conoscitori nella Roma sabauda (1870-1915)

November 15th 2017, Fondazione Federico Zeri, Bologna
Organized by Andrea Bacchi and Giovanna Capitelli

Website of the Fondazione Federico Zeri, Biologna

Publikation: Eine Fotografie. Über die transdisziplinären Methoden der Bildforschung

 Soeben erschienen mit einem Beitrag des Projektes Foto-Objekte

Irene Ziehe,  Ulrich Hägele (Hrsg.)

EINE FOTOGRAFIE. ÜBER DIE TRANSDISZIPLINÄREN METHODEN DER BILDFORSCHUNG

2017,  Visuelle Kultur. Studien und Materialien,  Band 12,  372  Seiten,  broschiert,  mit zahlreichen, teils farbigen Abbildungen,  38,00 €,  ISBN 978-3-8309-3664-0

Mit Beiträgen von
Thomas Abel,  Julia Bärnighausen,  Karin Bürkert,  Angelika Friederici,  Johannes Großewinkelmann,  Norbert Haase,  Christiane Hoth,  Andrea Hurton,  Stefanie Klamm,  Olli Kleemola,  Franziska Kunze,  Agnes Matthias,  Elmar Mauch,  Silke Müller,  Ingo Niebel,  Martin Radermacher,  Stephan Sagurna,  Daniel Samanns,  Franka Schneider,  Karl-Robert Schütze,  Andreas Seim,  Thomas Tunsch,  Michalis Valaouris,  Hannes Wietschel,  Petra Wodtke

Jeder kennt das Gefühl: Man entdeckt auf einem Flohmarkt ein altes Fotoalbum mit zauberhaften Fotografien, aber ohne irgendwelche schriftlichen Hinweise auf die abgebildeten Personen, Gegenstände oder Situationen. Forschungspraktisch gesehen, so die unter Historikern nach wie vor verbreitete Meinung, seien die Bilder damit wertlos: Kein Kontext – folglich auch keine nach wissenschaftlichen Kriterien verwertbare Quelle. Doch stimmt das wirklich? Gibt es nicht doch Möglichkeiten, mit Fotografien zu arbeiten, etwas aus ihnen herauszulesen, obgleich eigentlich keinerlei Informationen zur Bildquelle erkennbar sind?

Die Kommission Fotografie der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Volkskunde widmete sich mit ihrem Kooperationspartner, den Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin, in der 8. Tagung unter dem Thema „Eine Fotografie. Über die transdisziplinären Möglichkeiten der Bildforschung“ dem Blick und der Analyse einzelner Fotografien. Dem Ziel, Licht in das Dunkel jener Bilder zu bringen, über die außer der visuellen Information keine weiteren Daten und Fakten überliefert sind, konnte mit den Beiträgen ein Stück näher gekommen werden.

Eine Fotografie.pdf

Quelle: Waxmann-Verlag

The Art Market in Italy Around 1900. Actors, Archives, Photographs

Study Days on November 14th-15th 2017

Organized by the Photothek of the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut and the Fondazione Federico Zeri in Bologna together with Prof. Giovanna Capitelli (Università della Calabria)

In the last few years international research on the art market has gained in intensity, inspiring a host interdisciplinary studies and conferences while successfully defining a new field of academic research and teaching. Through a range of gatherings and publications, the dynamics of the antiques market have been explored at the intersections of art history, economics, and sociology, among other disciplines. At the center of the most recent studies are the networks of relations between antiquarians, collectors, and other persons connected to the selling of art works. Within these networks, photographers have been identified as key actors in the evolution of the art trade from the second half of the 19th century. The art market shapes and informs the art historical canon, and as indispensable agents of the art market’s exchanges, photographs are now also recognized as essential to the formation of the canon. At the same time, the „material turn“ in the humanities has refocused attention upon both the itineraries of the art objects and the functions and circulation of individual photographs. Over the course of two study days, we will enter into this rich discussion by concentrating upon two of its aspects in particular: the relations between photographic and antiquarian practices, on which the first day at the Photothek of the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz will focus, and the world of art trade in Savoia Rome, which will be addressed on the second day at the Fondazione Federico Zeri in Bologna. The attention of both institutions to these topics derives not only from a scientific interest but also from the material reality of their extensive photographic and archival Holdings.

Photographic and Antiquarian Practices

November 14th 2017, Photothek of the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, Florence
Organized by Julia Bärnighausen and Costanza Caraffa

http://www.khi.fi.it

The Art Market in Savoia Rome (1870-1915). Antiquars and sellings

November 15th 2017, Fondazione Federico Zeri, Bologna
Organized by Andrea Bacchi and Giovanna Capitelli

http://www.fondazionezeri.unibo.it/it

Fotogeschichte: Archäologie und Fotografie

Soeben erschienen: Das neueste Heft der Zeitschrift FOTOGESCHICHTE mit Beiträgen von Stefanie Klamm, Petra Wodtke und Almut Goldhahn.

Heft 144 | Jg. 37 | Sommer 2017

Babett Forster (Hg.)

Belichtete Vergangenheit. Fotografie und Archäologie

Bereits um die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts wurde das noch junge Medium der Fotografie eingesetzt, um Orte, Bauten und Artefakte der Altertümer rasch und präzise aufzuzeichnen. Die Fotografie unterstützte die sich herausbildende universitäre Disziplin und beförderte im Gegenzug weitere spektakuläre Entdeckungen. Nach und nach wurden archäologische Fotografien auch zum populären Medium, um Entdeckungen und Funde der Wissenschaft einem breiten Publikum zugänglich zu machen. Die Autorinnen und Autoren dieses Themenheftes rekonstruieren die lange und wechselvolle Liaison zwischen der Fotografie und der Archäologie bis herauf ins digitale Zeitalter.

Information und Bestellung: http://www.fotogeschichte.info/

BEITRÄGE

Eva Winter, Klas Winter: Mehr als ein Andenken. Das antike Athen in den Fotografien von James Robertson

Almut Goldhahn, Matthias Gründig: Apulia Monumentale. Romualdo Moscioni und die Entdeckung des Südens

Stefanie Klamm: Die Darstellbarkeit des Befundes. Bildmedien auf Ausgrabungen im 19. Jahrhundert

Stefanie Klamm, Petra Wodtke: Vom Versammeln und Archivieren. Konzepte archäologischer Fotosammlungen im Vergleich

Nausikaä El-Mecky, Stefanie Samida: Inexistent, unsichtbar, imaginiert. Digitale Rekonstruktionen als Vermittlungsformate in der Archäologie am Beispiel von Palmyra

Gregor Reimann, Michael Wermke: Archäologie einer Fotografie. Historische und fototheoretische Befunde zu einem Foto aus dem KZ Mauthausen

FORSCHUNG

Anna Rosemann: Zander & Labisch (1895–1939). Auf den Spuren einer bekannten Fotoagentur

Valentin Hemberger: Durch den roten Osten geblättert. Die Darstellung der Sowjetunion in Illustrierten der Weimarer Republik, 1919–1933

Wolfgang Hesse: Der Rote Abreißkalender. Geschichts-Bilder als Wandschmuck

REZENSIONEN

Patrick Rössler: Walter Moser (Hg.): Film-Stills. Fotografien zwischen Werbung, Kunst und Kino. Photographs between Advertising, Art, and Cinema (dt./engl.), Heidelberg, Berlin: Kehrer Verlag, 2016; Roland Fischer-Briand: Farbiges Leuchten. Transparente Filmstandfotos der 1920er und 1930er Jahre, Colorful Lucency. Transparent Stills of the 1920s and 1930s (dt./engl.). Salzburg: Fotohof edition Vol. 237, 2016.

Harald R. Stühlinger: Christian Joschke, Olivier Lugon (Hg.)/Association Transbordeur: Transbordeur, Paris: Éditions Macula, 2017.

BÜCHER, KURZ VORGESTELLT

Ali Behdad: Camera Orientalis. Reflections on Photography of the Middle East, Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press, 201.

Luke Gartlan: A Career of Japan. Baron Raimund von Stillfried and Early Yokohama Photography, Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2016.

Updated Program: Photo-Objects. On the Materiality of Photographs and Photo-Archives in the Humanities and Sciences

A Conference by the Collaboration Project „Photo-Objects. Photographs as (Research) Objects in Archaeology, Ethnology and Art History“, Florence, February 15th to 17th 2017

Please find the updated program here: Photo-Objects_Program

Collaboration partners: Photothek des Kunsthistorischen Instituts in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut / Kunstbibliothek, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz / Antikensammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz / Institut für Europäische Ethnologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, funded by the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung.

Photographs are not only images, but also historically shaped three-dimensional objects. They hold a physical presence, bear traces of handling and use and circulate in social, political and institutional networks. Beyond their visual content they are now increasingly acknowledged as material „actors“ not only indexically representing the objects they depict but also playing a crucial role in the processes of meaning-making within scientific practices. Thus, photographs lead a double existence as both pictures of objects and material objects in their own right.

Most scientific disciplines rapidly adopted photography as an important research tool to document everything from excavation sites, costumes and artworks in museums to snowflakes under a microscope – through photographs such objects of research, were detached from their original surroundings, put in standardized and transportable formats, newly contextualized and made comparable. Especially the material qualities of photographs have shaped their adoption in the various disciplines by affording certain types of uses. Inscriptions in and the handling of photographs made „photo-objects“ applicable to the sciences and humanities. This way they could be classified, archived and thus satisfy the positivistic demand for „objectivity“. The formation and definition of many academic disciplines is therefore not conceivable without photography. These processes were encouraged by the foundation of specialized photo-archives as interfaces of technology and science. They were and still are laboratories of scientific thought, in which objects of all kinds are part of a dynamic and material system of knowledge, interacting with and reacting to each other – from „photo-objects“ in their various manifestations to storage furniture, card catalogues, inventory books, reference lists, prints and illustrated publications.

Taking photographic materiality as its premise the conference will analyze the epistemological potential of analog and digital photographs and photo archives in the humanities and sciences. Contributions from all disciplines will be discussed from a comparative point of view. The conference also aims to critically examine the conceptualization of photographic materiality and mobility through such terms as „biography“, „itinerary“ and „network“ from a methodological and self-reflexive perspective. Taking the material aspects of photographic practices in the humanities and sciences as a starting point, the papers will deal with the circulation and distribution of photographs, the construction of methods through the handling and use of photographs in the various disciplines, arrangement, classification and working processes in photo-archives, as well as photographs in different institutions (i.e. archives, museums, research institutes and laboratories).

Organization: Costanza Caraffa and Julia Bärnighausen, Photothek des Kunsthistorischen Instituts in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut

See also: http://www.khi.fi.it/5452599/20170215-photo-objekte

Photo Archives VI: The Place of Photography, April 20-21, 2017

Department of History of Art, University of Oxford | Conference Venue: Christ Church, Oxford

This conference investigates photographs and photographic archives in relation to notions of place. In this context, place is used to explore both the physical location of a photograph or archive, as well as the place of photography as a discursive practice with regard to its value or significance as a method of viewing and conceiving the world. Photographs are mobile objects that can change their location over time, transported to diverse commercial, artistic, social, academic and scientific locations. The photograph’s physical location thus has an impact upon its value, function and significance; these topics are explored at the conference through a range of archives and across disciplines. How might the mobility of photographs open up thinking about archives and, in turn, classificatory structures in disciplines such as Art History, Archaeology and Anthropology, or in the Sciences? The conference also addresses questions of digital space, which renders the image more readily accessible, but complicates issues relating to location. What is the place, or value, of the photographic archive in the digital Age?

The conference features internationally-renowned speakers, with a keynote lecture by Geoffrey Batchen and a final discussion led by Elizabeth Edwards. Site visits to Oxford’s outstanding photographic collections are also planned, including to the Bodleian Library’s Talbot Archive, the Pitt Rivers Museum, the History of Science Museum, the Griffith Institute’s archives of archaeological expeditions, and the History of Art Department’s Visual Resources Centre.

Programme.pdf

To register for the conference, go to: http://www.hoa.ox.ac.uk/events/photo.html or email: mailto:photo.conference@hoa.ox.ac.uk

Keynote Speaker:
Geoffrey Batchen (Victoria University of Wellington)

Final Discussion:
Elizabeth Edwards (De Montfort University)

Speakers:
Estelle Blaschke (University of Lausanne)
Frederick N. Bohrer (Hood College)
Catherine E. Clark (MIT)
Luke Gartlan (University of St Andrews)
Pascal Griener (University of Neuchâtel)
Clare Harris (University of Oxford)
Christopher Morton (University of Oxford)
Chitra Ramalingam (Yale University)
Christina Riggs (University of East Anglia)
Lucie Ryzova (University of Birmingham)
Joan M. Schwartz (Queen’s University, Ontario)
Nina Lager Vestberg (Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
Shireen Walton (University College London)
Kelley Wilder (DeMonfort University)
Shamoon Zamir (New York University Abu Dhabi)

Organization:
The conference is convened by Geraldine Johnson (University of Oxford), Deborah Schultz (Regent’s University London), and Costanza Caraffa (Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz—Max-Planck-Institut). It is sponsored by the Kress Foundation, the John Fell Fund and the History Faculty’s Sanderson Fund at the University of Oxford, and Christ Church, Oxford.

This is the sixth in the international Photo Archives conference series dedicated to the interaction between photography, photographic archives and academic disciplines. For more information on the series, see: http://www.khi.fi.it/4831050/photo_archives.

Conference Program: Photo-Objects. On the Materiality of Photographs and Photo-Archives in the Humanities and Sciences

A conference of the collaboration project ‘Photo-Objects. Photographs as (Research) Objects in Archaeology, Ethnology and Art History’, Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, February 15th-17th 2017

Please note that a registration will not be neccessary.

Photo-Objects_Program

 

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 15th 2017

2.00–2.15
WELCOME AND INTRODUCTION
Costanza Caraffa, Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut

2.15–3.15
KEYNOTE LECTURE
Elizabeth Edwards, Photographic History Research Centre, De Montfort University, Leicester: Thoughts on the ‘Non-Collections’ of the Archival Ecosystem

3.15–3.30
Coffee Break

PANEL I: INTO THE ARCHIVE

3.30–4.15
İdil Çetin, Galatasaray University, Istanbul: Where is the Archive? The Reality of Doing Research on Ataturk Photographs

4.15–5.00
Vered Maimon, Tel Aviv University: Affective Archives: Vernacular Photography and the Life of Images

5.00–5.30
Coffee Break

5.30–6.15
Suryanandini Narain, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi: In the Family Photographic Archives from India

6.15–7.00
Katharina Sykora, DFG-Graduiertenkolleg ‘Das fotografische Dispositiv‘, Hochschule für Bildende Künste Braunschweig: In the Archive’s Eye. A Triumphant Autopoiesis of Photography

8.00
Dinner for Speakers

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 16th 2017

PANEL II: GETTING ONE’S HANDS DIRTY

9.30–10.15
Omar Nasim, Universität Regensburg: Handling Photography. The Case of Astronomy

10.15–11.00
Zeynep Çelik, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Rutgers University: Late Ottoman Practices: Modernity, Photography, Medical Research, and Anthropological Documentation

11.00–11.30
Coffee Break

11.30–12.15
Haidy Geismar, University College London, and Pip Laurenson, Tate London / Maastricht University: Finding Photography, Opening up the Photo-Object: A Dialogue between Anthropology and Conservation

12.15–2.00
Lunch Break

2.00–5.30
WORKSHOP ‘PHOTO-OBJECTS‘
Chair: Joan M. Schwartz, Queen’s University, Kingston
With: Julia Bärnighausen, Stefanie Klamm, Franka Schneider and Petra Wodtke, BMBF-Project ‘Photo-Objects‘

5.30–6.00
Coffee Break

6.00–7.00
HANDLING PHOTO-OBJECTS IN THE PHOTOTHEK (for speakers only)
With: Costanza Caraffa, Ute Dercks, Almut Goldhahn and Julia Bärnighausen, Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut

FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 17th 2017

9.00–10.00
KEYNOTE LECTURE
Lorraine Daston, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin: The Accidental Trace and the Science of the Future: Tales from the 19th-Century Archives

PANEL III: SPACES OF HYBRIDIZATION

10.00–10.45
Anaïs Mauuarin, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris: The Two-Faced Photothèque of the Museum of Man: Between Scientific and Commercial Uses

10.45–11.15
Coffee Break

11.15–12.00
Christopher Pinney, University College London: Digital Cows: Flesh and Code

12.00–12.45
Lena Holbein, DFG-Graduiertenkolleg ‘Das fotografische Dispositiv‘, Hochschule für Bildende Künste Braunschweig: Reflections on the Archive: Reconsidering the ‘Evidence’-Project (1977–2017)

12.45–2.00
Lunch Break

PANEL IV: CANON FORMATION AND TRANSFORMATION

2.00–2.45
Kelley Wilder, Photographic History Research Centre, De Montfort University, Leicester: The Two Cultures of Word and Image. On Materiality and the Photographic Catalogue

2.45–3.30
Maria Männig, Karlsruhe: The Memory of Art History: Analyzing Slide Collections

3.30–4.00
Coffee Break

4.00–4.45
Petra Trnková, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague: The Unbearable (and Irresistible) Charm of ‚Duplicates‘

4.45–5.30
Christina Riggs, University of East Anglia, Norwich: Photographing Tutankhamun: Photo-Objects and the Archival Afterlives of Colonial Archaeology

5.30–6.00
Coffee Break

6.00–7.00
CLOSING REMARKS & FINAL DISCUSSION
Joan M. Schwartz, Queen’s University, Kingston

END OF CONFERENCE

Into the Archive: On the Materiality of Photographs

An Online Exhibition of the BMBF-Project “Photo-Objects. Photographs as (Research) Objects in Archaeology, Ethnology and Art History”

From 14 November 2016 the Online Exhibition “Into the Archive: On the Materiality of Photographs” is showcasing 96 photographs from the holdings of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, the Humboldt-Universität in Berlin, and the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut.

Photographs are not only reproductions of whatever is represented in them, but also three-dimensional material objects, which are handled, used and subject to processes of wear and tear. From a single model various photo-objects can be created, including not only negatives, contact sheets and photoprints, but also drawings and prints in books. Equally heterogeneous are the circumstances in which they are conserved and the networks in which they move. Photographs, whether analog or digital, circulate in archives, museums, research institutes, universities and private collections. They traverse social, political, cultural and historical contexts and are consequently received and used in very different ways.

This is the point of view chosen for the current Online Exhibition. It presents in six sections (“Multiple Originals”, “Work on Photo-Objects”, “Circulation”, “People in Pictures”, “Types and Typologies”, “On the Margins of the Archive”) four photo-archives and their collections: the archive of the Antikensammlung of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz with a photographic documentation of the archaeological campaigns in Magnesia on the Maeander and Pergamon; the Sammlung Fotografie of the Kunstbibliothek of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz with two groups of architectural photographs dating to around 1900; the Hahne-Niehoff photo-archive on folklore of the Institut für Europäische Ethnologie at the Humboldt-University in Berlin; and the Photothek of the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut with its applied arts section.

Already in the nineteenth century photographs were used as tools of scientific research and incorporated in photographic collections and archives. Here they were mounted on cardboards, captioned, annotated, trimmed, ordered, stamped and classified. Photographs and photographic archives have never been neutral or objective. Only by their processing were they turned into (scientifically) utilizable images. As such they passed through various hands, formats, institutions and networks. They were used, for example, for documentation and communication, or also as illustrations for publications. Photographs are thus man-made, social and movable objects and just for this reason especially expressive. Gaining an understanding not only of the materiality of photographs, but also of their status as historically and socially determined objects, has also led to attention being focused on marginal photo-objects, which often evade scientific scrutiny in archives: photos that are considered unclassifiable – over-exposed or out-of-focus, fragmentary or defective images, or photos labelled simply as “miscellaneous” or “curiosa”. So the Online Exhibition shows not only photos exemplifying the core holdings of the collections presented here, but also their apparent marginalia. Only when photographs are taken seriously as material objects, do they reveal all their epistemological potential as bearers and creators of knowledge. For each photo-object has its own unique biography, which yields information not only about the photograph itself, but also about the processes in which it is involved and by which it has been shaped.

The Online Exhibition “Into the Archive: On the Materiality of Photographs” gives a current insight into the work of the cooperative project sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research “Photo-objects. Photographs as (Research) Objects in Archaeology, Ethnology and Art History”, in which the four institutions represented in this exhibitions are working together. The project links methodological approaches to “material culture” with a comparative perspective: photo-objects are compared as three-dimensional, material artefacts, while at the same time the focus is placed on their scientific use in the disciplines of archaeology, ethnology and art history. Not least the aim of the project is to deconstruct the claimed neutrality of documentary photographs and photo-archives.

Concept and texts: Julia Bärnighausen, Stefanie Klamm, Franka Schneider, Petra Wodtke

Coordination: Julia Bärnighausen, Almut Goldhahn

Photo-Objects. On the Materiality of Photographs and Photo-Archives in the Humanities and Sciences

A conference of the collaboration project „Photo-Objects. Photographs as (Research) Objects in Archaeology, Ethnology and Art History“, Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, February 15th-17th 2017

Photographs are not only images, but also historically shaped three-dimensional objects. They hold a physical presence, bear traces of handling and use and circulate in social, political and institutional networks. Beyond their visual content they are now increasingly acknowledged as material „actors“ not only indexically representing the objects they depict but also playing a crucial role in the processes of meaning-making within scientific practices. Thus, photographs lead a double existence as both pictures of objects and material objects in their own right.

Most scientific disciplines rapidly adopted photography as an important research tool to document everything from excavation sites, costumes and artworks in museums to snowflakes under a microscope – through photographs such objects of research, were detached from their original surroundings, put in standardized and transportable formats, newly contextualized and made comparable. Especially the material qualities of photographs have shaped their adoption in the various disciplines by affording certain types of uses. Inscriptions in and the handling of photographs made „photo-objects“ applicable to the sciences and humanities. This way they could be classified, archived and thus satisfy the positivistic demand for „objectivity“. The formation and definition of many academic disciplines is therefore not conceivable without photography. These processes were encouraged by the foundation of specialized photo-archives as interfaces of technology and science. They were and still are laboratories of scientific thought, in which objects of all kinds are part of a dynamic and material system of knowledge, interacting with and reacting to each other – from „photo-objects“ in their various manifestations to storage furniture, card catalogues, inventory books, reference lists, prints and illustrated publications.

Taking photographic materiality as its premise the conference will analyze the epistemological potential of analog and digital photographs and photo archives in the humanities and sciences. Contributions from all disciplines will be discussed from a comparative point of view. The conference also aims to critically examine the conceptualization of photographic materiality and mobility through such terms as „biography“, „itinerary“ and „network“ from a methodological and self-reflexive perspective. Taking the material aspects of photographic practices in the humanities and sciences as a starting point, the papers will deal with the circulation and distribution of photographs, the construction of methods through the handling and use of photographs in the various disciplines, arrangement, classification and working processes in photo-archives, as well as photographs in different institutions (i.e. archives, museums, research institutes and laboratories).

Keynote-Speakers:

Lorraine Daston, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin
Elizabeth Edwards, De Montfort University, Leicester

Speakers:

Zeynep Çelik (New Jersey Institute of Technology–Rutgers University)
Idil Çetin (Galatasaray University, Istanbul)
Haidy Geismar (University College London) and Pip Laurenson (Tate London / Maastricht University)
Lena Holbein (DFG-Graduiertenkolleg Das fotografische Dispositiv, Hochschule für Bildende Künste Braunschweig)
Vered Maimon (Tel Aviv University Ramat Aviv)
Maria Männig (Karlsruhe)
Anaïs Mauuarin (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris)
Omar Nasim (Universität Regensburg)
Suryanandini Narain (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi)
Christopher Pinney (University College London)
Christina Riggs (University of East Anglia, Norwich)
Katharina Sykora (DFG-Graduiertenkolleg Das fotografische Dispositiv, Hochschule für Bildende Künste Braunschweig)
Petra Trnková (Czech Academy of Sciences Husova, Prague)
Kelley Wilder (Photographic History Research Centre, DeMonfort University, Leicester)

Part of the conference will be a workshop on the „Photo-Objects“ Project.

Organization:

Costanza Caraffa und Julia Bärnighausen, Photothek des Kunsthistorischen Instituts in Florenz – Max-Planck-Institut

See also: http://www.khi.fi.it/5452397/20170215-photo-objekte

Photography in Academic Research, 8–9 September 2016, Birkbeck College, London

A Guest Review by Deborah Schultz

Poster Photograph: ‘Drought Without Frontiers’ The Waso Boorana people, Garba Tulla, North East Kenya, 1992. © Marcel Reyes-Cortez

An international conference on ‘Photography in Academic Research’ took place at Birkbeck College London, 8–9 September 2016 (Programme). It was hosted by the UCL Institute of Archaeology in collaboration with the Royal Anthropological Institute and Birkbeck, Department of Politics and organised by ‘photography + (con) text’. This project was set up by Marcel Reyes-Cortez, a photographer and visual anthropologist living in London, with the aim of promoting the collaboration and exchange between social researchers and practitioners who use photography in their research and practice. With over seventy speakers, the conference brought together practicing photographers with archaeologists, anthropologists, art and architecture historians, political scientists, geographers and psychotherapists.

The combination of speakers from such a wide range of professional and academic backgrounds resulted in an exceptionally rich and stimulating series of panels with keynote papers by Professor Patrick Sutherland (London College of Communication, University of the Arts London) and Carlos Reyes-Manzo (Birkbeck College, London). A number of key issues were brought into focus including the ethics of the archive and the circulation of photographic images. During the Round Table discussion, Reyes-Manzo expressed concern regarding the extent to which artistic projects that explore found or archival photography might pose a breach of trust between the original photographer and subject; other speakers addressed the changing contexts in which photographs may productively be viewed, engendering new readings and understandings of both the images and the contexts in which they were produced.

Participants also explored the contemporary prevalence of photographic images, especially with regard to their dissemination through digital channels and how this dissemination challenges the ways in which they are valued. Sutherland commented on, what he termed, ‘the grammar of image construction’, the immersion of the photographer and social interaction. What may seem to be small formal decisions have a huge impact on how a subject is articulated and communicated. Sutherland also referred to how the ease of current production methods has changed the presentation of photography in print form.

The influence or agency of photography was raised and discussed. To what extent can photography influence politics? On the day when the renowned Vietnam War photograph by Nick Ut was removed by Facebook from a post, before the decision was reversed, these debates were particularly timely.

In addition the conference highlighted the contrast between certain photographic and academic methods. A number of photographers commented on the often intuitive way in which they know when they have taken or made images that corresponds to their leading idea. By contrast, academic research tends to involve more of a dialogic process between a hypothesis and results which develop and change gradually over time and which are often different from, or cannot be envisaged by, that hypothesis. Contemporary photographic practices might similarly be seen to make claims and examine or interrogate those claims through visual rather than verbal methods.

A number of the photographic projects which were presented at the conference drew on quotidian or everyday photography and the question was raised of whether new critical methods need to be found, or existing methods adapted, with which to examine these images. To what extent might the visual language of quotidian photography, in seeming or claiming to be more authentic than more clearly composed photography, bypass decades of postmodern criticality? The authority of the photographic image in the 21st century was raised with regard to its subject matter, its form and ist Dissemination.

Dr Deborah Schultz is Senior Lecturer in Art History and Visual Culture at Regent’s University London. In autumn 2015 she was Academic Visitor in the History of Art department at the University of Oxford for a project on ‘Photo Archives in the History of Art History’. She is co-convenor with Costanza Caraffa (KHI) and Geraldine Johnson (University of Oxford) of the conference Photo Archives VI: Photo Archives and the Place of Photography, Christ Church Oxford, 20-21 April 2017.